Directions: This test consists of two parts. The first part is language form and meaning with 10 questions. The second part is reading with three texts and 20 questions. You should spend about 30 minutes on the test.
---Sorry. I prefer _______ rather than _______.
A.to go out; stay at home
B.to stay at home; go out
C.staying at home; to go out
D.going out; stay at home
2、I bought a shirt because it was good in quality and ________ in price.
A. very good
B. much better
C. rather bad
D. even worse
B above all
D after all
A. Supposing to murder
B. Supposed to murder
C. Supposing to have murdered
D. Supposed to have murdered
_________, but students became more interested in the lessons.
A. saved was teacher’s energy
B. was teachers’ energy saved
C. teachers’ energy was saved
D. was saved teachers’ energy
A. how can I improve my English
B. how I can improve my English
C. how could I improve my English
D. how I could improve my English
---We’re talking about the teacher and his school _______ we visited yesterday.
Playing organized sports is such a common experience in the United States that many children and teenagers take them for granted. This is especially true among children from families and communities that have the resources needed to organize and sponsor sports programs and make sure that there is easy access to participation opportunities. Children in low-income families and poor communities are less likely to take organized youth sports for granted because they often lack the resources needed to pay for participation fees, equipment, and transportation to practices and games and their communities do not have resources to build and maintain sports fields and facilities.
Organized youth sports first appeared during the early 20th century in the United States and other wealthy nations. They were originally developed when some educators and developmental experts realized that the behavior and character of children were strongly influenced by their social surroundings and everyday experiences. This led many people to believe that if you could organize the experiences of children in particular ways, you could influence the kinds of adults that those children would become.
This belief that the social environment influenced a person’s development was very encouraging to people interested in progress and reform in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century. It caused them to think about how they might control the experiences of children to manufacture responsible and productive adults. They believed strongly that democracy depended on responsibility and that a growing capitalist economy depended on the productivity of workers.
11.What fact does the author say about children from poor communities?
A.They often take organized sports for granted.
B.They don’t like organized sports that much.
C.Their communities don’t want to sponsor them.
D.They don’t have enough money for the resources.
12.According to the passage, what can strongly influence the behavior and character of children?
A.The income of their families.
B.Sports fields and facilities in their communities.
C.Social surroundings and everyday experiences.
D.Whether they join organized sports or not.
13.Why did the educators and experts originally develop organized youth sports?
A.They found that sports were popular in the United States.
B.They realized that children’s physical health was really important.
C.They wanted to organize children’s experiences by organized sports.
D.They thought organized sports could influence the capitalist economy.
14.In line 13, the word encouraging is closest in meaning to _______.
15.In line 15, the word manufacture is closest in meaning to _______.
16.According to the passage, what did a growing capitalist depend on?
B.The experience of children
D.Productivity of workers
Throughout the history of life, there have been many major upheavals in which whole groups of animals were replaced by others. Perhaps the most famous example was dinosaurs. The dinosaurs were replaced by the mammals 65 million years ago. Another major change occurred 150 million years earlier, when the dinosaurs took over the position of dominance that had been held for 80 million years by mammal-like reptiles.
What triggered these great changes? Scientific theories suggest that the factors that might have been responsible for such replacement are various. But these factors have gone through some significant change of its own. At times, for example, scientists have suggested that mammals caused the extinction of the dinosaurs by eating their eggs or by competing for the same food resources. Now, however, most people are convinced that the mammals played only a minor role, if any (largely because both groups had lived side by side for millions of years). Instead, environmental change was the primary responsible reason for the extinction of the dinosaurs. The mammals apparently sat around for 150 million years hiding under trees and other plants in woodland. With the extinction of the dinosaurs, they finally had their opportunity to step out and live in the available niches.
17.What is the main idea of the passage?
A.Mammals caused the extinction of dinosaurs by eating their eggs.
B.Some species of animals have been replaced by others due to environmental changes.
C.Scientific theories about the reasons for the extinction of certain reptiles have changed over the years.
D.Mammals and dinosaurs competed for the same food resources.
18.In line 1, the word upheavals is closest in meaning to _______.
19.Which of the followings is the correct order that the animal groups mentioned in the passage assumed dominance?
A.Mammal-like reptiles, mammals, dinosaurs
B.Mammal, mammals-like reptiles, dinosaurs
C.Dinosaurs, mammal-like reptiles, mammals
D.Mammal-like reptiles, dinosaurs, mammals
20.In line 6, the word triggered is closest in meaning to _______.
21.According to the passage, what does the author imply about the scientific theories?
A.They have changed considerably throughout their history.
B.They concern only the division of reptile groups.
C.They put little emphasis on the conditions of prehistoric climate.
D.They explained the development of the Mesozoic undergrowth.
On a clear night you might see the Moon, some planets, and thousands of sparkling stars. You can see even more with a telescope. You might see that many stars look larger than others. You might see that some stars that look white are really red or blue. With bigger and bigger telescopes you can see more and more objects in the sky.
But scientists believe there are some things in the sky that we will never see. We won’t see them with the biggest telescope in the world, on the clearest night of the year.
That’s because they’re invisible. They’re the mysterious dead stars called black holes.
You might find it hard to imagine that stars die. After all, our Sun is a star. Year after year we see it up in the sky, burning brightly, giving us heat and light. The Sun certainly doesn’t seem to be getting old or weak. But stars do burn out and die after billions of years.
As a star cools, the outer layers of the star pull in toward the center. The star squashes into a smaller and smaller ball. If the star was very small, the star ends up as a cold, dark ball called a black dwarf. If the star was very big, it keeps squashing inward until it’s packed together tighter than anything in the universe.
Imagine if the Earth were crushed until it was the size of a tiny marble. That’s how tightly this dead star, a black hole, is packed. What pulls the stat in toward its center with such power? It’s the same force that pulls you down when you jump—the force called gravity. A black hole is so tightly packed that its gravity sucks in everything—even light. The light from a black hole can never come back to your eyes. That’s why you see nothing but blackness.
So the next time you stare up at the night sky, remember: there’s more in the sky than meets the eye! Scattered in the silent darkness are black holes—the great mystery of space.
22.What would be the best title for this article?
A.Amazing Black Holes
B.The Use of a Telescope
23.According to the article, what causes a star to die?
A.As its gases run out, it cools down.
B.It collides with other stars.
C.It can only live for about a million years.
D.As it gets hotter and hotter, it explodes.
24.In line 7, the word mysterious is closest in meaning to ________.
25.Which of the following statement is NOT a fact?
A.Black holes are dead stars.
B.Black holes have gravity.
C.Black holes are invisible.
D.There is nothing as mysterious as a black hole.
26.What happens after a star dies?
A.It becomes invisible.
B.It falls to Earth.
C.It burns up all of its gases.
D.It becomes brighter and easier to see.
27.What might happen to our Sun billions of years from now?
A.It will be brighter.
B.It will not stop giving heat and light.
C.It will burn out and die.
D.It will become red or blue.
28.What can be inferred about the Sun according to the article?
A.We won’t see the Sun with the biggest telescope in the world.
B.The Sun is a black hole.
C.The Sun gives us heat and light.
D.The Sun will not be getting old and weak.
29.In line 15, the word it refers to _______.
D.a black dwarf
30.Why can’t you see light when you look at a black hole?
A.Because most black hole is so far away.
B.Because the gravity of a black hole is so strong that it sucks the light inward.
C.Because as the star’s gases burn, it stops giving off heat and light.
D.Because as a star cools, its outer layers pull in toward its center.
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